Amundsen Set Up Tutorial: A Step-by-Step Installation Guide Using Docker
Apr 13th, 2022
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In this guide, we’ll walk through all the requisite steps to set up Amundsen - one of the most popular open-source data cataloging tools.
For ease of understanding, the setup process has been sequentially divided into the following steps:
- Taking stock of requirements to install Amundsen
- Understanding Amundsen architecture
- Cloning the Amundsen repository
- Loading sample data
- Using standalone python scripts
- Enabling Elasticsearch and Atlas
- Anticipating common installation issues
Explore and experience Amundsen data catalog with a pre-configured sandbox instance
Requirements to install Amundsen
To install Amundsen, you would need the following:
- A local instance or a cloud VM (for instance, on AWS, Google Cloud, or Azure) running Docker and Docker Compose.
- Python ≥ 3.6, Node v10 or v12, npm ≥ 6.x.x, and Elasticsearch 6.x — all of these will be installed using Docker Compose.
Amundsen is a composite of five different components serving different purposes by interacting with each other:
- Frontend — uses React and Flask to provide an interface for you to use other components of Amundsen. The front end is accessible at localhost:5000.
- Search — uses Elasticsearch to index metadata and enables the users accessing the Frontend to search the metadata. The search service is accessible at localhost:9200, but there’s no UI for it.
- Metadata — can choose to store and retrieve data from a host of database backends, including neo4j, MySQL on RDS, Apache Atlas, etc. The metadata service is accessible at localhost:21000.
- Databuilder — helps you extract metadata from different data sources and load them into the metadata backend. You can use this library with standalone Python scripts or an orchestrator like Airflow.
- Common — holds the code that is used across all the microservices mentioned above.
You can read more about the original implementation at Lyft on their engineering blog.
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How to set up Amundsen?
Follow the following steps:
- Step 1- Clone the Amundsen repository from GitHub
- Step 2- Load sample data using sample data loader scripts
- Step 3- Clean existing docker
- Step 4- Increase docker-engine memory to more than the default
Let’s look at each step in detail.
Step 1: Cloning the Amundsen repository from GitHub
Although you can install the microservices mentioned above in a standalone fashion and configure them to talk to each other, the easiest way to set up Amundsen is by using Docker Compose to do all that work for you. Let’s first clone the Amundsen repository on your local instance or the newly created VM.
git clone --recursive https://github.com/amundsen-io/amundsen.git
You’ll find several
docker-amundsen-*.yml files in the root directory of the repository. The only major difference in the different YAML files is the different backend used for the metadata service.
As mentioned earlier, you can choose a host of databases to store and retrieve your metadata. The original and default option is neo4j, but it only allows for pull-based metadata collection.
On the other hand, Apache Atlas allows for both push-based (via Atlas Hive Hook) and pull-based metadata collection. Atlas has many other benefits as it is a full-fledged data governance service that allows you to view and edit your metadata using the Atlas UI.
Read more about Apache Atlas here.
For the reasons mentioned above, we’ll use Apache Atlas as the backend. Let’s install Amundsen using the following command:
docker-compose -f docker-amundsen-atlas.yml up
Following the command, you will see a screen similar to the one shown below, where all the microservices are deployed:
The installation process will take a while to complete. You can check the status of the individual services by running the docker ps command as shown below:
Although the services will be available pretty quickly, as shown by the docker ps command, you won’t see anything if you visit Amundsen UI because Atlas takes a while to get started for the first time. You’ll see the following screen when Atlas is being started:
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Step 2: Loading sample data
Before logging into the Amundsen UI, you must load some sample data into the backend.
Pro tip: Although the documentation says you don’t need to load sample data if you’re installing Amundsen with Atlas backend, it doesn’t quite work. You might end up with an empty Amundsen screen with no data loaded. To rectify this installation glitch, you can use one of the pre-built scripts to load sample data in any given backend.
Using standalone python scripts
You can use the databuilder library with standalone Python scripts and orchestration tools like Airflow to keep the metadata updated based on a schedule. Think of it as a library to support an ETL job that just extracts, transforms, and loads metadata from a data source. For simplicity’s sake, let’s just use one of the sample data loader scripts available to load the sample data into the metadata database. For loading data into Atlas, use the
sample_data_loader_atlas.py file as follows:
cd amundsen/databuilder python3 -m venv venv source venv/bin/activate pip3 install --upgrade pip pip3 install -r requirements.txt python3 setup.py install python3 example/scripts/sample_data_loader_atlas.py
Elasticsearch and Atlas
The script mentioned above will not only load data into Atlas, but it will also create the three default indexes on the Elasticsearch instance —
dashboard_search_index. This script will take a few minutes to execute.
Once this script completes successfully, you can be rest assured that data has been pushed to both Elasticsearch and Atlas and is ready to be queried from both the Atlas and Amundsen frontends. You can access the data via the Amundsen UI on localhost:5000 as shown below:
Alternatively, you can also access your metadata using the Atlas UI at localhost:21000, as shown below:
Common installation issues
Aside from the installation issues mentioned in the official documentation, a few issues might come up depending on where you are trying to install Amundsen. We’ll look at some of those issues and their resolutions.
Step 3: Clean existing docker
To avoid random preventable errors such as,
ERROR: readlink /var/lib/docker/overlay2: invalid argument make sure that you remove all the unused containers using
docker system prune. This will remove all unused containers, networks, and images and reclaim the freed-up space from those entities. By default, the volumes aren’t removed to prevent you from deleting important data accidentally. If you don’t have any important data, you can run
docker volume prune to clean up all the volumes. Your Docker will be fresh as a daisy now.
Step 4: Increase Docker engine memory
If you’re installing this on your local machine (for instance, a Mac), you might want to reset your Docker Engine Memory from the default 2GB to a bit more because Docker Compose might run out of memory.
Amundsen demo: Explore and get a feel for Amundsen with a pre-configured sandbox environment
Now that you have set up Amundsen, you can explore the features with the loaded sample data. To get a better sense of the product and see some real data, you’ll need to connect one or more of your data sources. Amundsen also allows you to preview the data stored in the tables while searching through the metadata database.
In case you don’t want to go through this entire process and want to quickly browse through the Amundsen experience, we’ve setup a sample demo environment for you, feel free to explore:
Amundsen installation: Related reads
- Amundsen demo instance: A pre-configured sandbox environment.
- How to set up Okta OIDC authentication in Amundsen
- Lyft Amundsen data catalog: Open source tool for data discovery, data lineage, and data governance
- Open-source data catalog and discovery software: 5 popular tools to consider in 2023
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